The diamond can be cut into an incredible variety of forms, thanks to its physical characteristics. E 'the hardest gem, corresponds to the number 10, which is the highest of the Mohs scale, so much so that to be scratched using diamond powder of the same.
The term "brilliant", mistakenly used to mean a round brilliant cut diamond, it is the most common example. Diamond indicates the material, while indicating a round brilliant cut round featuring 57 facets + 1, that is the pinnacle. The lower beam, or apex, presents ideal size when it is difficult to see under 10x magnification.
In addition to the round shape, with the same optical characteristics can have brilliant cut oval, heart, drip, shuttles (mentioned French or marquise in English, it is the demographic bulge), princess (square) radiant (a square with rounded corners), cushion (square base with curved sides and rounded corners), trilliant (triangular in shape).
These are the most common cuts that emit flashes unmistakable and bring out high gloss effects.
The cuts in steps include the emerald cut (rectangular with rounded edges), loin (square), baguettes (rectangle), taper (trapezoidal), tet de veau (or bull-headed, given the typical trapezoidal shape with the two upper edges bevelled), Triangle.
Unlike earlier, these cuts bring out high the "color" of the stone, as hold, with games of reflection, the color within the same walls, and hint at some tables of beamlines.
The result is more "cool" than the brilliant cut and therefore is intended mostly colored stones or diamonds of the highest quality.
For the purpose of an investment normally consider diamonds with brilliant cut (round) and it is therefore that we will refer to these.